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  • Vlad RF
    replied
    What One Needs to Know about REPO

    Author: Maks Artemov

    This article is devoted to REPO — Repurchase Agreements — and everything about them: their peculiarities, advantages and drawbacks, risks and how to avoid them.

    What are REPOs

    REPO, aka Repurchase Agreement, is an agreement on selling securities that presumes their obligatory buyback at a certain price after certain time. Such agreements let the seller loan money quite fast.

    A REPO consists of two part:
    • The owner of securities sells them to the buyer for a certain term and takes on the responsibility to buy them back as soon as the term ends. The term and the sum of the buyback are agreed upon by the parties beforehand.
    • When the term ends, the buyer is to give the securities back to the seller, receiving their money plus commission fee is exchange.
    As a result, a REPO has two agreements inside: an operation with securities and a forward contract.

    Advantages of REPOs
    • The seller can loan money quickly on market conditions without addressing a bank. Moreover, the operation itself does not take long.
    • The buyer can make a profit on short-term placement of free cash without the risk of losing it because they get securities in exchange. If the seller refuses to buy back their assets, the buyer can sell them freely in the stock market and get back their money.
    Are there risks in REPOs

    One of the risks is falling of the market price of the securities that the buyer has bought. In such a case, the seller can refuse to complete the second part of the agreement and never buy back the asset.

    The seller will have to get rid of the securities at a lower price and suffer losses, or leave it in the portfolio and wait for the price to grow.

    Another risk is the growth of the security price, so that the buyer can refuse to give them back.

    Moreover, it might so happen that at the REPO expiry the buyer will have no necessary securities available. For example, they might have sold them at a better price. The buyer may always refuse to give the asset back to the seller for various reasons including bankruptcy.

    Who gets dividends from shares in REPOs

    All income from the securities — dividends, coupons, etc. — belongs to the seller because they own the shares. The buyer receives the securities as a temporary guarantee. That is why the buyer must pass all the income from the securities to the seller.

    Also, the agreement can have other conditions, such as the buyer can receive dividends instead of the seller but the security price will fall accordingly.

    Example of REPO

    A market player has 100 shares of a company, 10 USD each. At a certain point, they need money, and they find a buyer ready to buy 100 shares right now but for 8 USD each.

    Signing a REPO, the buyer agrees on selling (or returning) 100 shares for 8 USD each plus 10%. When the contract expires, the seller buys their shares back at the said price. As a result they got a loan for 10% a year, and the buyer got their money back and earned 10% of the whole sum.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    How to Calculate Cost of Goods Sold: Formula and Examples

    Author: Victor Gryazin

    This article is devoted to an economic index called Cost of Goods Sold: what it is, what it is used for, how it is calculated, and what accounting methods it has.

    What is Cost of Goods Sold

    Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) is an index that assesses the primary cost of sold goods. It accounts for the expenses on production of goods and services. Primary cost is often the second line in the profit and loss report that goes right after the earnings line. COGS helps to calculate the gross profit of a company.

    Primary cost includes the main spending that have directly to do with production of goods and services:
    • expenses on crude materials and accessory, freight included;
    • expenses on wages for employees, including insurance and pension payments;
    • production expenses;
    • storage expenses.
    In essense, the COGS is the cost of everything that needs to be done and bought to sell the product. However, the index does not account for indirect spending, such as on sales and marketing. Moreover, the COGS depends on the calculation method.

    What COGS is used for

    COGS is one of the most important indices in financial reports used for calculating gross profits. Gross profit is the difference between the earnings and primary costs and is one of the main profitability indices of the company. Thus, the COGS allows for assessing the dynamics of production spending and helps the management make well-weighted decisions.

    Companies that are able to manage their spending on crude materials and workforce reasonably over the whole production cycle and to decrease the COGS when necessary, will have higher gross profits. Whereas if the company spends too much on production of their goods and services, and the COGS is too high, its gross profit will be falling.

    With the Cost of Goods Sold, economists and investors can assess whether the company can manage its business efficiently. If the index grows, the net profit falls. This can be good for bringing down taxes on profits, yet the business will be less attractive for investors. So, as a rule, companies try to keep the COGS quite low and the net profit – rather high and thus more attractive for investing.

    How COGS is calculated

    An essential part of exact primary cost calculation is calculation and classification of goods in the inventory. This means the information needs to be updated regularly.

    The task of the COGS is to demonstrate the primary cost of sales of a certain timeframe with account of what is left in stock. Indices necessary for calculations:
    • Beginning Inventory (BI) is the goods in stock at the beginning of the TF;
    • Purchases (P) for replenishing the stock;
    • Ending Inventory (EI) is the goods in stock at the end of the TF.
    Calculation formula:

    COGS = BI + P – EI

    Example of calculating COGS

    If the company has the BI = $5,000 at the beginning of the month, P = $3,000, and EI = $4,000 at the end of the month, the COGS will be $4,000.

    COGS = 5000 (BI) + 3000 (P) – 4000 (EI) = 4000

    Then we subtract the result from the monthly earnings and get the gross profit. Nowing the gross profit, we can find out the net profit by subtracting other expenses from the former, such as taxes.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    RoboForex: upcoming changes to the trading schedule in view of the Juneteenth Holiday

    We are informing you that changes will be made to the trading schedule due to the Juneteenth Holiday in the US.

    This schedule is for informational purposes only and may be subject to further change.

    MetaTrader 4 / MetaTrader 5 platforms

    Schedule for trading on Metals (XAUUSD and XAGUSD), US indices (US30Cash, US500Cash, and USTECHCash), the Japanese index J225Cash, and CFDs on oil (Brent and WTI)
    • 20 June 2022 – trading stops at 7:40 PM server time.
    • 21 June 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Schedule for trading on CFDs on US stocks
    • 20 June 2022 – no trading.
    • 21 June 2022 – trading starts as usual.

    R StocksTrader platform

    Schedule for trading on US stocks and ETFs
    • 20 June 2022 – no trading.
    • 21 June 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Schedule for trading on CFDs on US stocks and ETFs
    • 20 June 2022 – no trading.
    • 21 June 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Schedule for trading on CFDs on US indices (US500, US30, and NAS100) and the Japanese index JPY225
    • 20 June 2022 – no trading.
    • 21 June 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Schedule for trading on Metals (XAUUSD and XAGUSD) and CFDs on oil (WTI.oil, BRENT.oil)
    • 20 June 2022 – trading stops at 7:40 PM server time.
    • 21 June 2022 – trading starts as usual.

    cTrader platform

    Schedule for trading on Metals (XAUUSD and XAGUSD)
    • 20 June 2022 – trading stops at 7:40 PM server time.
    • 21 June 2022 – trading starts as usual.

    Please take note of the above trading schedule changes when planning your trading activity.

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    Fiat Currency: All One Needs to Know

    Author: Andrey Goilov

    This article is devoted to the idea of fiat currency and everything behind this notion. What is fiat money? When and what for it appeared? What value does it have? Which advantages and drawbacks does it have? Answers to these questions and more are in the article below.

    What is fiat money

    Fiat money is the banknotes we keep in the wallet and the sums we look at happily, logging in the mobile app of our bank on the smartphone. It is not suported by the country’s gold reserves or other precious metals. It does not have any internal cost, and its face value is set and guaranteed by the state.

    Today almost all popular currencies, such as the dollar and euro, are fiat. Their value is based on the opportunity to exchange them for goods and services, to be used as means of saving and account unit of the country’s economy.

    Some think that as long as fiat money is not bound to any goods, a risk of inflation emerges, which, in turn, makes goods and services pricier. For example, in the times of gold standard, the amount of money depended on the amount of assets in the country’s reserves: more gold – more money.

    Fiat money is substantilly influenced by the demand and trust of local people. If they stop believing in the national currency, they will reject it, and the demand for other assets and currencies will increase.

    Advantages of fiat currencies
    • Fiat money is used for exchanging and storing value, which is essential for the functioning of the national economy;
    • Making fiat money is more economic than making currencies bound to certain assets;
    • Fiat money lets the government and Central bank stimulate the economy in times of crises and smooth out the aftermaths of sky-rocketing;
    • Fiat money is not a scarce or limited resource: the government can print as much as needed;
    • Central banks have full control over the supply of fiat money, which lets them manage liquidity and interest rates.
    Drawbacks of fiat money

    The strong economic crisis of 2008 demonstrated that Central banks cannot always hold back serious consequences of recession by directly regulating the money mass. Hence, global crises will come back from time to time, having absolutely different nature.

    A currency bound to gold looks more stable compared to fiat money because of limited gold supply. Fiat money, on the contrary, has value as long as the government supports it. Tiniest problems in either economy or politics can provoke a surge of inflation.

    There are examples of trying to get out of economic trouble by active money printing that le to hyperinflation and the national currency fully losing value.

    Bottom line

    Fiat money is not perfect as it has serious drawbacks, yet it has no better alternative that would fast and smoothly replace it as a means of exchange, payment, and value storage.

    One could bring up cryptocurrencies that has been acquiring popularity recently. They are limited in quantity, its cost must be growing until the last coin is mined, and this is a victory over the inflation of fiat money. However, due to high volatility and virtuality this type of money has not yet become a full replacement for the “normal” one.

    Experiments with tightly binding money to gold have not yet yielded satisfactory results either; and hyperinflation may occur to any printed currency. With all the drawbacks, however, fiat money lets the government and Central banks react timely to the changes of the economic environment and keep markets stable and makes it easier for consumers to buy and sell goods and services.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    How to Use Accumulative Swing Index in Trading

    Author: Victor Gryazin

    This article explains what Accumulative Swing Index is, what signals it gives, how it is calculated and set up in a trading terminal, and, naturally, how it is used in trading.

    What Accumulative Swing Index shows

    Accumulative Swing Index (ASI) was invented and made popular by a famous trader, financial analyst, and creator of several other indicators Wells Wilder. He described the work of ASI in detail in his book New Concepts in Technical Trading Systems, published in 1978.

    For calculating ASI, prices of the current and preceding timeframes are used – Close, Open, High, Low. The results help to assess current price dynamics of the instrument in question. The indicator appears in a separate window under the price chart and looks like one main line.

    The line allows seeing the direction of the current market trend and confirms (or not) breakaways and bounces off the support/resistance levels on the chart. Growing ASI confirms an actual uptrend and falling ASI indicates a downtrend.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/asi-1-1323x828.png

    How to install Accumulative Swing Index to trading terminal

    Accumulative Swing Index is not among standard indicators in most trading terminals, which means to use it in MetaTrader 4, one needs to download the installation file and install the indicator. The file can be found on, for example, MetaQuotes Ltd.

    This is how ASI is installed on MetaTrader 4: Main Menu – File – Open data catalogue – MQL4 – Indicators – paste the file to the folder – restart the terminal.

    This is how ASI is added to the price chart: Main Menu – Insert – Indicators – User – ASI.

    Accumulative Swing Index is normally used with preset parameters (variable T = 300).

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/06/asi-2-1327x828.png

    Closing thoughts

    Accumulative Swing Index is a price change indicator created by a famous market guru Wells Wilder. ASI helps to determine the direction of the current market trend and can become a good support to complex technical analysis.

    For trading with the indicator, divergences and confirmations of support/resistance lines breakaways can be used. Before applying the signals for real, practising on a demo account is highly advisable.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    How to Buy NFTs

    Author: Andrey Goilov

    NFT, or non-fungible token, is a new link in the evolutionary chain of cryptocurrency. It is a unique digital asset that can be anything like a piece of art or music, an extract from a movie, animation, or sports game, game items, etc.

    Each such token gets written down in a blockchain under a unique ID with metadata — this exactly makes the file non-fungible. Today the article is devoted to the details of the NFT market: how and where to buy the tokens, and the details of work on trading platforms and with crypto wallets.

    Where to buy NFTs

    These days, there are plenty of marketplaces where one can not only buy but also sell NFTs. Each platform though has its rules and limitations.

    Most of the markets are based on the Ethereum blockchain. Differences in most cases can be found in file formats and NFT prices. As a rule, these details are important for content creators, not buyers.

    Platform types
    • Mass trading platforms. As a rule, these are the largest resources where any NFTs are available. An example is the OpenSea exchange founded in 2017, one of the first large platforms in the world.
    • Open marketplaces. These are free resources available to anyone. Content there differs in quality and themes because, again, it can be created by anyone.
    • Private marketplaces. Such platforms carry out accurate selection of NFT creators to provide for certain reputation and a catalogue of tokens. An example is SuperRare.
    • Game platforms. They exist thanks to computer games and virtual reality. An example is Sorare where one can play in a virtual football league, collect player cards as NFTs, and use them in competitions.
    • Sports marketplaces. These are popular websites where users can buy sports events as NFTs. An example is NBA Top Shot. It was launched in 2020, and since then there have been over 2 million purchases of NFTs there for more than $300 million.
    • Niche marketplaces. They specialise in trading one type of token, such as tweets, virtual land of the future, and other such quite special NFTs.
    Which way one buys NFTs
    • Auctions. This is the most widespread trading format for NFTs. There are two ways of organizing auctions: English and Dutch. The first one presumes that each next user lifts the price, while in the second one, each next user drops the price. In both cases, the lot is won by the user who has offered the biggest price.
    • Drops. Here, NFTs are sold at minimum prices over an extremely short timeframe. To take part in a drop, register on the platform in advance, deposit your account, and wait for the announcement.
    • Fixed prices. Here, NFTs are traded at fixed prices, and time is unlimited. For users, this is the simplest way to buy an independent token because they do not need to participate in auctions and pay too high a price — or wait for a drop.

    Buying NFTs, keep in mind that marketplaces charge commissions, so the sum on your crypto wallet must be enough to pay both for the token and the commission fee. Moreover, not all platforms show prices in USD, preferring ETH.

    Closing thoughts

    Buying NFTs online is not as difficult as it might seem. One needs to register a crypto wallet, deposit it, register on a marketplace, and choose an NFT.

    Experts forecast that the NFT market will remain popular, and its capitalisation will keep growing. However, there are risks: not all tokens grow, moreover — finding a suitable file for investing needs time. Also, make sure your transactions and asset storage are safe.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    How to Avoid Traps for Bulls and Bears

    Author: Victor Gryazin


    You must have heard about traps for bulls and bears appearing on charts. This article tries to get into more detail of the issue, telling you how to detect places of such traps and how to avoid them.

    What are traps for bulls/bears

    A bullish/bearish trap is a chart situation when the quotes pretend to break through an important price level and then reverse sharply and go in the opposite direction. As such an important level, we can see support/resistance levels, trend lines, or graphic patterns. Bullish/bearish traps are frequent in financial markets.

    The idea is that traders open their positions by formed price signals by the current price movement. However, for various reasons, the opposite side turns out much stronger and suddenly reverses the price in the opposite direction.

    This makes traders panic and close initial positions, which only enhances the opposite movement. In other words, bulls or bears get trapped and close their positions at a sudden price reversal, thus supporting the movement in the opposite direction.

    How to detect traps for bulls

    Most often, bullish traps rest near important resistance levels that have already been tested by the price. The price seems to break through such a level upwards, and bulls open long positions, expecting the price to keep growing. However, it reverses and goes down.

    The sign that the trap has been triggered is the return of the price to the area below the broken resistance level. Bulls are playing long and have to make decisions about closing their trades.

    Reversing the quotes down, bears have proved their power and readiness to fight back. Bulls start closing their buying trades, Stop Losses get triggered, so the downward momentum gets stronger, and the trap locks.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Traps-bull-1-1321x828.png

    Another place where a trap can form on the chart is a strong resistance line. The situation is similar to the one above: the resistance line is broken through upwards, bulls hurry to open buying trades, but all of a sudden, the quotes reverse downwards, and the price drops below the line. Then the decline may continue.

    How to detect bearish traps

    A trader can get into a bearish trap when they open a selling position at a breakaway of a strong support level. Inspired bears open short positions, counting upon further decline, but the quotes suddenly reverse and start going up.

    Bears have open short positions that they need to close. As a rule, they do so if the price secures again above the support level, broken previously. Then bearish Stop Losses get triggered. As a result, the quotes get supported in their growth, and the trap locks.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Traps-bear-1-1322x828.png

    Bottom line

    Bearish and bullish traps are quite frequent on ptice charts. As a rule, they appear near important support/resistance levels or lines.

    It is almost impossible to avoid traps altogether, but knowing their peculiarities, one can minimise chances of getting trapped and decrease possible losses.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    RoboForex: upcoming changes to the trading schedule in view of the Whit Monday and holidays in the US and the UK

    We are informing you that changes will be made to the trading schedule due to the Memorial Day celebration in the US, the Late May Spring Bank Holiday in the UK and the Whit Monday in several European countries.

    This schedule is for informational purposes only and may be subject to further change.

    MetaTrader 4 / MetaTrader 5 platforms

    Schedule for trading on Metals (XAUUSD and XAGUSD), US indices (US30Cash, US500Cash, and USTECHCash), the Japanese index J225Cash, and CFDs on oil (Brent and WTI)
    • 30 May 2022 – trading stops at 7:40 PM server time.
    • 31 May 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Schedule for trading on CFDs on US stocks
    • 30 May 2022 – no trading.
    • 31 May 2022 – trading starts as usual.

    R StocksTrader platform

    Schedule for trading on US stocks and ETFs
    • 30 May 2022 – no trading.
    • 31 May 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Schedule for trading on CFDs on US stocks and ETFs
    • 30 May 2022 – no trading.
    • 31 May 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Schedule for trading on CFDs on US indices (US500, US30, and NAS100) and the Japanese index JPY225
    • 30 May 2022 – no trading.
    • 31 May 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Schedule for trading on CFDs on the UK stocks and UK100 index
    • 2 June 2022 – no trading.
    • 3 June 2022 – no trading.
    • 4 June 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Trading schedule on CFDs on German, Austrian, Danish, and Norwegian stocks
    • 6 June 2022 – no trading.
    • 7 June 2022 - trading starts as usual.
    Schedule for trading on Metals (XAUUSD and XAGUSD) and CFDs on oil (WTI.oil, BRENT.oil)
    • 30 May 2022 – trading stops at 7:40 PM server time.
    • 31 May 2022 – trading starts as usual.

    cTrader platform

    Schedule for trading on Metals (XAUUSD and XAGUSD)
    • 30 May 2022 – trading stops at 7:40 PM server time.
    • 31 May 2022 – trading starts as usual.
    Please take note of the above trading schedule changes when planning your trading activity.

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    RoboForex received awards in two prestigious nominations

    Our team continues developing and improving trading platforms, services, and financial products offered to the company’s clients. We’re very happy to announce that this year our activities were highly appreciated by the acknowledged experts of the industry.
    RoboForex received two awards

    The company was recognised as the “Most Transparent Broker” by the British magazine World Economic Magazine. Another business media, International Business Magazine, named RoboForex the “Most Trusted Broker”.
    https://i.ibb.co/Jm586tY/Untitled.png

    We’d like to thank our clients for their choice and trust!


    RoboForex cares about your investment interests

    RoboForex supports its clients and creates trading opportunities that will help them in achieving their financial goals.
    • Over 12,000 instruments
      Stocks, Indices, Cryptocurrencies, and other assets.
    • Popular trading platforms
      Choose from reliable terminals, such as MetaTrader 4 and MetaTrader 5, or use a multi-asset platform named R StocksTrader.
    • Best trading conditions on Prime accounts
      Spread from 0 pips, 100+ instruments, leverage 1:300, execution from 0.1 sec.


    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    How to Trade by EMA + Awesome Oscillator Strategy

    Author: Andrey Goilov


    The medium-term trading tactics that unites a trend indicator EMA and Awesome Oscillator is a setup for working by the trend.

    The authors decided against complicated solutions and supplied the advantages of a Moving Average, a most efficient instrument for determining the market trend, by the potential of an indicator confirming market entries – Awesome Oscillator.

    It seems that a combination of a popular instrument and oscillator will always be the best solution for trading the trend.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Pic-1-Awesome-1-768x472.png

    The strategy is meant for H1 and larger timeframes. This means the trader can work both intraday, letting the price reach its goal within a couple of hours, and leave trades for the next day.

    The article describes the right way to combine signals from the EMA and AO on H1 and how to place the Stop Loss and Take Profit.

    How to set up indicators

    The authors of the tactics never specified which instruments are to be used for work, yet we are convinced that traders should use currency majors and any other assets that demonstrate good lengthy trends with deep corrections.

    To go by the strategy, we need an Exponential Moving Average with period 200 and an Awesome Oscillator with standard parameters. These indicators can be easily found on any trading platform and added to the chart. In MetaTrader 4, the algorithm is as follows:
    • Insert – Indicators – Trend – Moving Average
    • Insert – Indicators – Bill Williams – Awesome Oscillator
    How to use EMA
    • When the price is above the line, this indicates an uptrend, so look for signals to buy.
    • When the price drops under the EMA (200), this means a downtrend, so look for signals to sell.
    • For H1 and larger TFs, parameters will be the same.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Pic-2-Awesome-1.png

    Closing thoughts

    The strategy using EMA and Awesome Oscillator is a very simple option of trading the trend that also has quite simple rules.

    To enter the market, the trader only needs to check signals from two indicators. The advantages of the strategy feature a small Stop Loss and availability of necessary indicators on most popular trading platforms.

    The drawbacks of the platform include no chance of entering the market by the trend for the second time, because the signal forms only when the price breaks through the EMA line. While the price remains above this line, it gives no entry signal, and the instrument keeps going by the trend, so the trader loses a part of this movement.

    Moreover, the authors leave the profit size to the trader’s discretion, giving just the minimum that equals the SL. Working by the strategy, the trader will understand that, firstly, a bar of the opposite colour on the Awesome Oscillator histogram is a good exit option, and secondly, the Asian trading session is not the best time for opening trades.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    How to Trade by Cup and Handle Pattern

    Author: Victor Gryazin

    This article is devoted to the Cup and Handle graphic pattern, providing the main information, such as how it forms and how to trade it.

    What one should now about Cup and Handle

    Cup and Handle is a tech analysis pattern that forecasts the continuation of the current trend after the price stops consolidating.

    The pattern was discovered and popularised by a famous trader and investor, author of several books on the stock market and the founder of a business newspaper Investors Business Daily William O’Neil.

    Cup and Handle forms in an uptrend or downtrend; it is a correctional price movement that consists of two parts. The first part is the Cup and the biggest part of the correction, and the second part – the Handle – is the smaller finishing part.

    The pattern can be bullish or bearish. The first one is the actual Cup and Handle that appears on the chart in an uptrend and signals about further growth of the quotes.

    The bearish pattern is called Inverted Cup and Handle; it appears on the hart in a downtrend and signals about the continuation of the latter.

    How does bullish Cup and Handle form
    1. After a downward correction starts on the chart, a price range forms that looks like a bowl or a rounded bottom. Ideally, the Cup has two same highs on both sides but this is a rare occasion.
    2. After the second high of the Cup forms, the price pulls back, forming the second correctional phase that resembles a Handle. This will be a minor decline (from 1/3 to ½ of the Cup) before a subsequent breakaway.
    3. An entry point for a buy appears when the Handle is complete and the quotes break the resistance level away upwards. It goes through the second high and links the Cup to the Handle.
    4. The first rough goal for the pattern after the breakaway will be the height of the Cup. Losses should be limited if the price drops below the low of the Handle.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Cup-bullish.png

    How to use Cup and Handle for trading

    William O’Neil who discovered the pattern used it for trading stocks and preferred longer timeframes. He stated that the pattern on D1 should take 7 to 8 weeks to form.

    However, this pattern is rather universal and can be used on various TFs with currency pairs, stock indices, oil, gold, and other liquid assets.

    There are several factors potentially supporting the pattern:
    • both highs or lows of the Cup are on more or less the same level;
    • the Handle is no higher than the ½ of the Cup;
    • the breakaway of the resistance/support level increases the volumes.
    Example of buying by Cup and Handle
    1. On D1 of Brent oil, in an uptrend, a Cup and Handle pattern formed.
    2. After the resistance level drawn through the second high of the pattern (point 2) is broken away, the trader can buy.
    3. A Stop Loss is placed behind the low of the Handle.
    4. Profit can be taken when the quotes rise for the height (H) of the Cup.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Cup-bullish-buy-1325x828.png

    Bottom line

    The Cup and Handle pattern became popular thanks to a famous trader and investor William O’Neil. This tech analysis pattern of trend continuation is quite a rare occasion on charts.

    Cup and Handle can be used for trading stocks and other liquid assets. Before using the pattern for real, practicing on a demo account is recommended.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    4 Stocks for Trading in Uncertainty

    Author: Eugene Savitsky

    Inflation, recession, stagnation, stagflation — and other scary words that investors keep hearing in the stock market. What else? Toughening of credit and monetary policy, cutting down on the CB balance, winding up the QE programme. With such news, it becomes hard to consider buying any stocks.

    When stock indices drop abruptly

    Normally, the stock market experiences panic and falling of indices right in the times when no one suspects any trouble. Investors are simply buying stocks and watching their profits grow.

    Negative news does not always provoke immediate reaction: understanding the scale of a future disaster needs time. However, more experienced investors assess the situation fast and start acting at once.

    As a result, the quotes in the stock market start going down and speeding up because other investors have no more time to think. Hence, stock indices drop when investors take their profit, not trying to make money on the decline.

    What the market sentiment is now

    The poll carried out in March by Investors Intelligence demonstrates that the number of those planning to buy shares had dropped to 30%, while the number of those who want to play short had grown to 34.5%. In other words, the current market is bearish.

    Over the last 12 years, this has happened 6 times, and the quotes of S&P 500 always reached some lows from where it then started to grow. Market players either opt for cash or for short positions — and this is what stimulates growth of stock prices.

    There is some saved cash that can support the stock market and increase the demand for shares. And there are sellers who will have to close their positions if the prices grow, which will also lead to an increase in quotes.

    Union Pacific

    The shares of Union Pacific Corporation (NYSE: UNP) are trading in an uptrend. and at the first glance, there are no hints on a decline. However, upon a more thorough investigation, it can be noticed that volatility of the shares has increased. Quite often, this means the trend is coming to an end.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/UNP.jpg

    Upon sky-rocketing to 280 USD, the quotes quite soon returned to 240 USD and have already broken through it. This is the key level for the bulls because they have been holding it since December 2021.

    The bears had made 12 attempts to break through it but always failed – until this time. Now we should expect further falling of the quotes to the support level of 220 USD. The bears are also supported by the bad news around and high market volatility.

    Closing thoughts

    When fundamental analysis is no help to make investment decisions, tech analysis will save us. It shows a fight between bulls and bears, and a moment will come when we will understand who will win.

    In such cases, a trader should stand on the stronger side and trade in this direction. When fundamental and tech analyses agree, the probability of making a profit increases. Note that today, the stock market sentiment is negative.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    How to Set Up Charts on MetaTrader 4

    Author: Victor Gryazin

    This article is devoted to working with charts on a popular platform MetaTrader 4. Charts help to track and analyze quotes movements of financial instruments, as well as to forecast their future behaviour.

    How to open chart window

    A new chart on MetaTrader 4 can be created several ways:
    • Click File – New Chart, and then choose a financial instrument.
    • In the Market Watch window, choose a financial instrument, left-click and drag it to the work area of the terminal.
    • Right-click a ticker in Market Watch, and then click Chart Window.
    • Click Window – New Window – an instrument from the list.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/mt4-charts-1-1067x630.png

    Adding indicators to the chart

    To add indicators to the chart click Insert – Indicators and choose the one you need. Alternatively, click an active button with a green cross in the upper menu.

    MT 4 features many popular indicators of the following groups:
    • Trend
    • Oscillators
    • Volumes
    • Bill Williams
    • Custom (indicators added by the user).

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/mt4-charts-6-1060x630.png

    How to save chart template and profile

    After editing is complete, you can save your settings as a template. Saved settings will then be applied to newly opened charts.

    To save your settings, right-click the chart and choose Template – Save Template – enter name. The template can than be uploaded to the chart the same way: right-click – Template – Load Template – choose the one you need.

    You can create different templates with various settings: chart design, indicators, and instruments. The whole set of open charts with their properties and templates is saved to a different profile.

    To save the profile, click File – Profiles – Save As – enter name. Alternatively, click a button with the name of the active profile at the bottom of the terminal and choose the one you need from the unfolding list.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    What Is Blockchain

    Author: Victor Gryazin

    Today’s article is devoted to the blockchain technology: its history, work nuances, main types, and spheres of application – all main answers are given.

    What is the idea of blockchain

    Blockchain is a digital database accessed by most users online. It is an unchangeable distributed digital information register, containing data about transactions among other things.

    This technology writes down the data in special blocks, inextricably bound to each other. Each block of the chain has certain containers for data storage that close as soon as they are full and get bound to a block received previously, creating the chain.

    Each block of the chain gets an exact time mark as soon as it is added to the chain. As long as each block contains information about the previous one, the chain contains information about each operations ever carried out in the database.

    Already-existing blocks cannot be removed or edited – only new ones can be added. This peculiarity makes hacking and editing the content of the register impossible.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/blockchain-1.png

    How blockchain works
    • Transaction is a data exchange between two people. All transactions within the network (money depositing and withdrawal) have a unique 256-bit number called “hash”. It normally looks like a random set of letters and digits. A sequence of hashes linked to each other create a safe interconnected chain.
    • Confirmation is a process of checking compliance of a transaction with the protocol. Transactions are checked in nods. Upon successful validation, the transaction gets written down into a block.
    • Examination is data control in a block. Before the block gets linked to the chain, the algorithm examines it for any past editing. The rules by which examination is carried out are called consensus.
    • Mining is a process of “solving the equation” (creating a new block) by variable selection. This algorithm is called Proof of Work.
    • Protection is eliminating from the chain a block that has been edited. Changes in one block lead to changes in all subsequent blocks. The system detects them fast and reacts accordingly.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/blockchain-2.png

    Where is blockchain used

    The system is actively developing, taking root in various spheres of economy:
    • cryptocurrencies,
    • NFT,
    • banking sector and finance,
    • stock exchanges,
    • gaming industry,
    • cyber safety,
    • voting systems in election.
    Bottom line

    Blockchain is a data processing technology of processing, storing, and sending data. Every day it enjoys more and more demand. The system was created long ago but started developing after cryptocurrencies appeared and became popular. Today blockchain has become mainstream, integrated in various spheres of the society and sectors of global economy.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:


  • Vlad RF
    replied
    How to Trade by One-Two Strategy

    Author: Victor Gryazin

    This article describes a plain short-term trading strategy based on the signals of the popular Bollinger Bands trend indicator. The article deals with the peculiarities of the strategy, its use in trading, and examples of buying and selling.

    What one needs to know about One-Two

    One-Two is a type of reversal trading systems based on Bollinger Bands signals. The strategy is easy to master and uses just one tech indicator with altered parameters. Note that it is a default indicator in almost all trading terminals, including MT4 and MT5.

    The trading approach is based on using bounces of the quotes off the outer borders of the Bollinger Bands channel that act as dynamic support and resistance levels. After a bounce, the price is expected to return to the middle line of the channel.

    Which instruments, time frames, and indicators can be used

    For trading by the strategy, you can use currency pairs, oil, gold, and other commodities. Recommended TFs are M15, M30, H1, H4, and D1.

    Indicators:

    Bollinger Bands (Period 20, Shift 0, Deviation 2) — green lines on the chart.
    Bollinger Bands (Period 20, Shift 0, Deviation 3) — orange lines on the chart.

    https://blog.roboforex.com/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/1and2-1-1329x828.png

    How to buy by One-Two

    Conditions of opening a buying position are as follows:
    1. Wait for the price to get between the lower green and orange indicator lines. Mark this candlestick as 0
    2. Wait for two more candlesticks to form. If they show a reversal upwards with close prices no lower than those of candlestick 0 — open a buying trade after candlestick 2 closes. Candlesticks 1 and 2 have white bodies, or the first one is a Doji and the second one has a white body.
    3. Place a Stop Loss 5 points below the lows of candlesticks 1 and 2.
    4. Take the Profit as soon as the quotes reach the middle line (red colour) of Bollinger Bands. Or, if the movement is strong, you can take the SL to the breakeven when the price reaches the middle line and wait for the quotes to grow to the upper green line of the indicator channel.
    Closing thoughts

    The One-Two trading strategy is based on the signals of a popular trend indicator Bollinger Bands with different parameters. The strategy is based on reversals of the quotes from the borders of the price channel that are used as dynamic support/resistance levels.

    This strategy is rather universal and can be used for various instruments and on various TFs. Before trading for real, practising on a demo account is strongly recommended.

    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    Sincerely,
    RoboForex team

    Leave a comment:

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