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  • How to Use Standard Deviation Indicator in Trading

    Author: Victor Gryazin

    Today the article is devoted to the Standard Deviation indicator. It helps evaluate the dynamics of volatility of a financial instrument and find promising entry points.

    What the indicator shows

    Standard Deviation (STDev) is a trading instrument that shows how far the price of a financial instrument deviates from standard values of a certain period. It shows the deviation from a Simple Moving Average and thus helps to assess the change in the price volatility.

    The indicator conditionally belongs to trend ones: when it grows, this might mean the beginning of a new market trend. The higher the volatility and the more the price fluctuates from the average over the chosen period, the higher STDev values will be. And vice versa: if the quotes are stable, trading in a narrow price range, indicator values will fall to the lows.

    STDev can be used for trading on its own and alongside other indicators. Also, it is used inside more complicated indicators. For example, it can be found in a famous channel indicator Bollinger Bands: STDev helps to calculate the borders of the price range for the quotes.

    Standard Deviation appears in a separate window under the chart and has just one main line. Its values start with 0 and always remain positive, i.e. never drop under 0.

    The indicator does not show trend direction. The line will grow alongside the growth of volatility regardless of the market direction, equally when the quotes are growing and falling.

    How to install Standard Deviation

    Standard Deviation is built in the majority of popular trading platforms. To install it on the chosen price chart on the MetaTrader 4 and MetaTrader 5 platforms, go to the Main Menu. Your algorithm is: Main Menu – Insert – Indicators – Trend – Standard Deviation.

    You can customize the following settings:
    • Period is the period for which the indicator will be calculated. By default, it is 20.
    • Apply to: choose the price that calculations will be based on. By default, it is Close.
    • MA method is the calculation method for the MA. By default, it is Simple.
    • Style sets the appearance of the line. You can change its color, width, and representation method.

    Calculating Standard Deviation

    To calculate the indicator, use the following formula of statistic average square deviation:

    Standard Deviation = Sqrt (SUM ((CLOSE - SMA (CLOSE, N)) ^ 2, N) /N)


    Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

    RoboForex team


    • What Are Decentralized Finance

      Author: Andrey Goilov

      Decentralized Finance (DeFi) are an alternative to the traditional banking sector. It includes blockchain apps and services that facilitate digital transactions between the participants directly, without intermediaries. As the crypto community thinks, the current financial system is obsolete, it lacks transparency, and is highly controlled.

      DeFi replaces traditional technology by open source protocols, granting access to financial services to anyone. The systems are maintained by the users. Meanwhile, the projects remain open and free of regulators that can block a transaction or deprive a user of access to a certain service.

      Services feature crediting, investments, and buying crypto. Thanks to DeFi, those institutions that used to process operations slowly and be prone to human mistakes, became automatic and safe. DeFi provides passive income from storing crypto and save money on transactions and credits.

      How DeFi is different from traditional finance

      To understand the idea of DeFi and their popularity, it is important to see the difference between it and centralized, or traditional, finance. Here are the main issues of the banking sector that DeFi solves today:
      • Banking services are not available to everyone
      • Financial services include hidden payments
      • Transaction take time.
      • Financial entities have work hours.
      In the classic banking sector, money is stores in banks and other financial institutions, the only goal of which is making money. Transactions are processed by third party services that charge fees for their intermediary functions.

      Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

      RoboForex team


      • RoboForex received the “Best Stocks Broker Global” award

        We’re happy to share the good news: RoboForex is recognised as the "Best Stocks Broker Global 2022" by The London Trader Show Awards. It’s an annual conference in London, where market professionals gather to discuss different trends in financial instrument trading. The event also implies awarding brokers for their quality products and services. The winners are decided by a vote among experts, which is held throughout the month before the conference starts
        • Over 12,000 instruments
          Stocks, Indices, and other popular exchange-traded and OTC assets.
        • Best trading solutions
          Trading operations can be performed through reliable terminals, such as MetaTrader 4 and MetaTrader 5, as well as the R StocksTrader multi-asset platform.
        • Charge-free additional materials
          RoboForex clients have access to a rich knowledge base and quick analytical tools.

        Moving forward is our style!

        The RoboForex team keeps a close eye on new trends in the industry and follows up on suggestions of the company’s clients and partners. A growing number of awards says that our products and services get better and meet the requirements of the market.

        Thank you for choosing RoboForex and helping us to improve. Each of the Company’s successes is our common victory!

        RoboForex team


        • How to Trade Three Black Crows Candlestick Pattern

          Author: Maks Artemov

          In candlestick analysis, all patterns can be divided into two groups – trend continuation patterns and reversal patterns. Today, the article is about the Three Black Crows pattern belonging to the second group. This is definitely not the most frequent pattern on the chart yet experienced traders who use candlestick analysis are well acquainted with it.

          How Three Black Crows pattern forms

          After a lengthy ascending impulse and a lot of purchases market players start closing their positions. The price forms a minor gap, and the first candlestick out of the three comprising the pattern opens above the previous closing price or at the same level.

          Then the second candlestick opens at the close level of the first one, and after it closes in its turn, the third candlestick opens. The opening price of the third one coincides with the closing price of the second one or belongs somewhere close to this level. Next, the trend reverses.

          Conditions for Three Black Crows
          • There is a lengthy ascending movement of the quotes.
          • The pattern forms at the resistance level.
          • The three candlesticks are of roughly the same size.
          • Three candlesticks successively forming on a smaller timeframe, form one big Engulfing candlestick on a larger one.
          • Each next candlestick opens at the close level of the previous one or a bit higher.
          • Shadows of the candlesticks are relatively small or totally lacking.

          Examples of using Three Black Crows

          This pattern can be used both alongside other means of analysis and on its own. Indicators act as additional filters that enhance trade efficacy.

          Example of selling by the pattern without indicators
          • On the EUR/AUD chart, there has formed a Hanging Man.
          • After that, at the top of the uptrend, there formed Three Black Crows.
          • When the third candlestick closes, open a selling position at the fourth candlestick.
          • Stop Loss is to be placed at the nearest high.
          • Place the TP as 1:3 against the SL. In this case, the SL is 900 points and the TP 1, accordingly – 2,700 points.
          • Later, when the price approaches the TP 1, the trader can place a TP 2 at the next support level.
          • The trader can monitor the position and move the SL to the positive zone when necessary.

          Bottom line

          Before using Three Black Crows, the trader needs to study all of its conditions and peculiarities. The strategy is t be tested alongside other means of market analysis.

          For example, the trader can try out those indicators they are used to. This will help filter signals from Three Black Crows.

          Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

          RoboForex team


          • How to Use Correlation Calculator for Currency Pairs

            Author: Victor Gryazin

            This overview is devoted to the issue of correlation of currency pairs, counting it with a special calculator, and using it in trading.

            What is currency pair correlation

            In finance, correlation is a statistical measurement of how two assets move one against another. In other words, this is the capability of one financial instrument follow another one. For example, gold and silver have high correlation.

            The idea of currency correlation represents the connections between currency pairs in Forex, the dependence of their movements one from another. Correlation demonstrates whether two pairs fluctuate similarly: the higher the correlation, the more in run are the two pairs. Currency pairs with strong correlation move somewhat in unison.

            Positive correlation

            Positive (or direct) correlation means that quotes go in the same direction – up or down.

            For example, strong positive correlation is demonstrated by EUR/USD and EUR/CAD. In the picture below it is obvious that the quotes of these pairs often go in one direction, and their charts look quite similar.


            How to calculate correlation indices

            To assess the correlation of two instruments, there is a special index. It is estimated in shares, or percent: 100% = 1 for positive correlation and -1 for negative.

            For calculating the index, Pearson’s formula is used. First, a set of values of both assets is formed – X and Y. Then average X and Y values are calculated. Next, they add up the product of the deviation of each set from the average and divide them by the product of the standard deviation.

            The values of the correlation index are between +1 and -1.

            The meaning of the values is as follows:
            • 0 – no correlation. Currency pairs show no dependence on one the other.
            • +1 – full positive correlation. Two currency pairs go in one direction, coinciding in movement size.
            • -1 – full negative correlation. Two currency pairs go in the opposite directions, coinciding in movement size.
            Risks of using correlation in Forex

            It should be noted that correlation between two currency pairs is not a stable and constant factor. It can change with time. Different political and social crises, unexpected changes in credit and monetary policies can alter the normal correlation at any moment, so that it stops working normally.

            So, when using correlation in trading, the trader has to follow their risk management rules. Correlation can be used as some sort of a filter alongside classical fundamental and tech analysis. Before using correlation for real, practicing on a demo account is highly recommended.

            Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

            RoboForex team


            • How to Calculate ROA: Formula and Examples

              Author: Maks Artemov

              This article is devoted to the market multiplier called ROA: what it is necessary for, how it is calculated, what peculiarities, drawbacks, and advantages it has, and how it can be used.

              What is ROA multiplier

              ROA (Return on Assets) is the multiplier that shows the profitability of assets. It expresses the ratio of the net profit and the average-weighted size of the assets, demonstrating the efficacy of using the capital of a company. It is expressed in percent.

              Calculation formula of ROA

              ROA = Net Profit / Average Assets

              • Net Profit is the net profit of the company over the calculation period. The latter is usually a year or a quarter.
              • Average Assets is the average-weighted size of the assets of the company.
              Average Assets calculation formula:

              Average Assets = (Assets 1 + Assets 2) / 2

              • Assets 1 is the size of the assets at the beginning of the calculation period.
              • Assets 2 is the size of the assets at the end of the calculation period.
              Nowadays it is hardly necessary to calculate the ROA manually because this information is available in open sources.

              Peculiarities of ROA

              The ROA differs depending on the sector in which the company works and the nature of its business. For example, in services, the ROA will be higher than in the oil industry.

              The reason is the working capital that companies need for functioning and production. The more the company spends on development, the smaller ROA it will have over a calculation period.

              The intermediate conclusion is that comparison by the ROA can be accurate and correct only for companies working in one sphere of business. And the higher the ROA, the better for the company and its investors.

              Closing thoughts

              As many other multipliers, the ROA has its drawbacks and advantages. The multiplier can only give a prelim evaluation of the return on investments in the company, Optimum analysis should include several multipliers and financial reports of the company.

              Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

              RoboForex team


              • What It is Important to Know about NFT in 2022

                Author: Andrey Goilov

                Last year, when people started selling NFT for millions of dollars, these digital assets became a new investment option. Some investors remained skeptical, while others became quite confident that non-fungible tokens would change the market.

                For example, Twitter founder Jack Dorsey sold the tokenised version of his first personal tweet for $3 millions. For your information, he put up for sale a tweet saying “just setting up my twitter”, and the demand was insane.

                What is NFT crypto token

                Non-Fungible Tokens are unique blockchain-based digital assets the, among other things, have peculiar metadata. NFTs are coded by the same software that is used for digital currencies. They are sold and bought on digital platforms for crypto.

                The NFT technology is used for creating a unique digital certificate of a valuable thing, such as a painting, photo, music, video, and even real estate. Moreover, tokenising tangible assets makes buying them more efficient and fraud-safe.

                Current popularity of NFT crypto tokens is explained by how easy they are to buy. In December last year, there were NFTs sold for $12 billion.

                How NFT differs from crypto

                NFT and crypto have two obvious similarities: both are digital currencies and blockchain-based. However, digital money is fungible, and crypto exchange confirms it.

                Moreover, each altcoin remains valuable regardless of the platform it was bought on. For example, each BTC equals any other BTC.

                A less obvious common feature of NFT and crypto are speculation markets that create agitation around currency prices. The price of a token depends on demand: when the token is popular, the price grows, when the demand shrinks – the price follows it.

                Types of NFT

                In most cases, non-fungible tokens are created from tangible or non-tangible objects. Most popular options are virtual and physically existing real estate, sport events, and gaming accessories.

                Real estate

                Apartments and houses have unique furnishing and decoration, which means they satisfy the conditions of NFT. There are already examples of selling real estate as NFTs.

                Now NFT companies can gather money for building a new apartment complex by selling ownership to individual investors as NFTs. Then those investors will be able to sell their NFTs to next investors while the real estate is being built.

                Virtual real estate

                Metaverse is a digital reflection of the real world, and the demand for it is growing all too fast. An example of NFTs in metaverse is the Decentraland project.

                This is a three-D gaming world where gamers buy virtual land plots and build houses on them. Each land plot is a non-fungible token. Investors recommend keeping an eye on this market: virtual towns are built much faster than real ones.

                What perspectives NFT market has

                Flourishing growth provoked overwhelming skepticism of market experts, and many of them still insist on NFTs being a trivial bubble. However, these days such global brands as Nike or Microsoft keep experimenting with NFTs and the metaverse.

                Analysts declare that NFTs and crypto will eventually be a part of the metaverse, and NFTs will integrate in the virtual world much faster. This idea is confirmed by the strong concern of global brands about digital assets.

                Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

                RoboForex team


                • How to Trade Three White Soldiers Pattern

                  Author: Victor Gryazin

                  This article deals with a candlestick pattern called Three White Soldiers: what it looks like, what signals it gives, how it forms, what types it has, and, of course, how it can be used in trading.

                  How Three White Soldiers pattern forms

                  Three White Soldiers is a reversal bullish candlestick pattern that predicts a change of a downtrend to an uptrend. This pattern can be encountered on price charts rather often.

                  When the Three White Soldiers pattern appears, it gives a signal to buy. The pattern has a bearish counterpart called Three Black Crows that was previously described in our blog.

                  The Three White Soldiers pattern consists of three white candlesticks with large bodies and almost no shadows. The pattern shows that the bulls have managed to capture the initiative and close trading sessions near the daily highs for three days in a row.

                  Conditions for Three White Soldiers to form
                  • As long as this is a reversal pattern, it forms on the local lows after a descending movement. This can either be a reversal of a downtrend or the end of a correction in an uptrend.
                  • Three white candlesticks go one after another and have large bodies.
                  • Each next candlestick opens at the closing level of the previous one or a bit lower.
                  • The shadows of the candlesticks are short. Sometimes candlesticks in Three White Soldiers have no shadows at all: such candlesticks are called Marubozu and make the whole pattern stronger.
                  • The second and third candlesticks must be roughly of the same size. If the third candlestick is obviously smaller than the other two, this means bulls are weak.


                  Types of Three White Soldiers

                  There are two more candlestick patterns that also consist of three white candlesticks and resemble Three White Soldiers. These are the Advance Block pattern and the Stalled pattern; however, instead of giving a signal to buy, they warn the trader of the ascending momentum coming to an end.

                  Advance Block

                  If the second and third candlesticks of the Three White Soldiers have small bodies and long upper shadows, the pattern is called Advanced Block. As the name of the pattern shows us, the advance of the bulls was blocked and the bears fight back.

                  The ascending impulse meets serious resistance, and it becomes extremely possible that the quotations will reverse downwards. This pattern is not good for buying because bulls turn out weak. If the trader has open buying positions, they should take the profit in them.


                  Closing thoughts

                  The reversal candlestick Three White Soldiers pattern forms after a downward movement and predicts an upward reversal of the quotes. It can be traded on its own or alongside tech analysis instruments and indicators.

                  Before using the pattern for real, test it on a demo account. See more about candlestick patterns in our Blog.

                  Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

                  RoboForex team


                  • RoboForex: upcoming changes to the trading schedule in view of the Easter holidays

                    We are informing you that due to the Easter holidays in the US and Europe, there will be some changes to the trading schedule on Catholic Good Friday and Easter Monday.

                    This schedule is for informational purposes only and may be subject to further change.

                    MetaTrader 4 / MetaTrader 5 platforms

                    Schedule for trading on Currency pairs
                    • 15 April 2022 - trading stops at 7:40 PM server time
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on CFDs on the US indices (US30Cash, US500Cash, USTECHCash) and the Japanese index JP225Cash
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on CFD on the German index DE40Cash
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 19 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on Metals (XAUUSD, XAGUSD) and CFDs on oil (Brent, WTI)
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on CFDs on US stocks
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual

                    R StocksTrader platform

                    Schedule for trading on Currency pairs
                    • 15 April 2022 - trading stops at 7:40 PM server time
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on US stocks and ETFs, CFDs on US stocks and ETFs
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on CFDs on US indices (US500, US30, NAS100)
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on CFDs on EU and UK indices (GER30, UK100, FRA40, SPA35), Australian index AUS200 and Japanese index J225
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 19 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on CFDs on EU and UK stocks (except Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish stocks)
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 19 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on CFDs on Danish, Norwegian and Swedish stocks
                    • 13 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 14 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 19 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on Metals (XAUUSD, XAGUSD) and CFDs on Crude Oil (BRENT.oil, WTI.oil)
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual

                    cTrader platform

                    Schedule for trading on Currency pairs
                    • 15 April 2022 - trading stops at 7:40 PM server time
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Schedule for trading on Metals (XAUUSD, XAGUSD)
                    • 15 April 2022 - no trading
                    • 18 April 2022 - trading as usual
                    Please take note of the above trading schedule changes when planning your trading activity.

                    RoboForex team


                    • RoboForex adds 7 new cryptocurrencies

                      RoboForex now offers 7 new cryptocurrencies to invest in: ALGOUSD, AVAXUSD, BNBUSD, LUNAUSD, MANAUSD, MATICUSD and UNIUSD. All these pairs are already available on the MetaTrader 4, MetaTrader 5, and R StocksTrader platforms.

                      Investing in Cryptocurrencies with RoboForex means:
                      • 24/7 access to more than 30 crypto instruments
                        BTC, ETH, BNB, LTC, BCH, LUNA, XRP, and others.
                      • A single account for all investments
                        You won’t need another wallet or account at a crypto exchange.
                      • Conditions at the level of crypto exchanges
                        The commission for cryptocurrencies on Prime accounts is 0.1%.

                      Cryptocurrencies are a promising investment trend, which is chosen by a lot of clients at RoboForex. Therefore, we plan to continue adding new crypto instruments to our existing list and enhancing investment conditions.

                      RoboForex team


                      • How to Trade Three Line Strike Candlestick Pattern

                        Author: Victor Gryazin

                        This article is devoted to a candlestick pattern called Three Line Strike, its type, forming principles, and use in trading.

                        How Three Line Strike forms

                        The Three Line Strike candlestick pattern is not a frequent guest on price charts. It appears at the local high/low in an uptrend/a downtrend.

                        The pattern consists of four candlesticks: the first three candlesticks have medium-sized bodies and the same colour, while the fourth one has a different colour, demonstrating a reversal, and a big body that fully covers the bodies of the first three candlesticks.

                        Some sources describe this one as a trend continuation pattern, but the logics of candlestick analysis suggest that this is a reversal one.

                        This article is based on the approach of a famous trader Thomas Bulkowski and his book “Encyclopedia of Candlestick Charts”. He considers this pattern to be a reversal pattern: according to his research, the price has a 84% probability of a reversal after this pattern appears on the chart.

                        When the pattern appears on the chart, this means the current trend is getting weaker as it has encountered strong opposition. The large reversal candlestick that with its body covers up the three preceding candlesticks forecasts a correction that can later turn into a real reversal.

                        Types of Three Line Strike

                        Depending on the place where the pattern appears and the colors of its candlesticks, two types of the Three Lines Strike can be singled out – the bullish and bearish ones.

                        Bullish Three Lines Strike

                        It forms after an ascending price movement at the local highs of the chart. It consists of three white candlesticks with middle-sized bodies and a large black candlestick, whose bode covers all the three preceding ones.

                        The large black candlesticks means that bears have captured the initiative and are ready to counterattack. Further decline of the quotes means the beginning of a descending correction. The decline should be confirmed by the price falling below the last low of the bearish candlestick of the pattern.

                        Bearish Three Line Strike

                        It appears in a descending movement at the local lows of the chart. It consists of three black bearish candlesticks with medium-sized bodies and one white large candlestick, whose body covers up the bodies of the three preceding candlesticks.

                        The large white candlestick means that bulls have managed to stop bears and are ready to reverse the quotes. Further growth of the price leads to the beginning of an ascending correction. The ascending movement should be confirmed by growth of the quotes above the high of the last white candlestick.


                        Bottom line

                        The Three Lines Strike pattern forms after a descending or an ascending movement and forecasts a reversal of the quotes. In certain sources, this pattern is considered a trend continuation pattern, yet Thomas Bulkowsli in his research has demonstrated that the probability of a reversal after this pattern appears is 84%.

                        The pattern can be used for trading either on itself or alongside other instruments of tech analysis and indicators. Before using the Three Lines Strike for real, make sure you back-test it.

                        Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

                        RoboForex team


                        • Richard Wycoff Trading Method

                          Author: Timofey Zuev

                          As trading kept developing, various methods and instruments for it also got to perfection. And today, when humanity is enjoying the internet, trading has become available to anyone, even if they do not have money. However, getting started is the hardest part for any beginner.

                          Why so? The internet is full of methods, ways, strategies, indicators, and advisors that, unfortunately, do not always work properly. So, the beginner gets lost in the variety of methods and trading strategies, for getting about the basics that trading is based on.

                          The Wycoff method used to be popular in the times of the trader himself because it was "different". Richard Wycoff never listened to analysts, experts, economists, and the like because at that time analysis was based on bare charts, nothing else. Wycoff, nonetheless, was sure that the price was moved by all market participants, so the future of the price was "in people's minds".

                          According to Wycoff, the trader must be some sort of a detective and calculate, based on the chart and volumes, who is controlling the market (the bulls or bears), after which they could attack this or that instrument. Psychology also plays its part here: for people, it is much easier to do their job when they are interested. And when the job becomes mere routine, people lose grip, so their productivity suffers

                          This approach made the Wycoff method popular nowadays, though no one apparently uses it "in the virgin form". However, many methods used by professional traders all over the world are based on Wycoff's system. It is applicable to all trading instruments: stocks, currencies, options, futures, etc. As for timeframes, the method is very good for intraday traders.

                          Main principle of the Wycoff trading method

                          The main task of the trader is to make conclusions about how their trading instrument (stocks, option, currency) will behave in the fight of demand and supply. To do it, the price chart and volumes are quite enough.

                          Then the trader finds possible tops (for a bullish trend) and bottoms (for a bearish trend). Also, make notice of correctional price movements because trading consists of certain cycles of purchases and sales. One cycle (wave) will last while new participants join in. As soon as the cycle is worn out, a reverse process starts, and the price goes in the opposite direction. All this can be seen on the chart.

                          As the creator of the method used to say, if you master it once, you will need a few minutes to make a forecast of future price movements.

                          You can find more about the system in a book by J.Hutson "The Wycoff Method". It is available on the internet.

                          Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

                          RoboForex team


                          • Investor Risk Profile: What It Is and How to Determine It

                            Author: Maks Artemov

                            Work in financial markets and investing have always been associated with risks. Every investor should keep in mind that they might not only gain but also lose due to price declines and irreparable losses.

                            Before beginning to invest, decide for yourself what risks you are ready for on the way to your goal. This article is devoted to the risk profile of an investor and controlling risks and losses.

                            What risk and risk profile are

                            Risk is the possibility of partially or completely losing your investments. The main task of each investor is to decrease risks and limit possible losses by any acceptable level.

                            Risk profile, or investment profile is the individual attitude of the investor to possible risks in his work.

                            Types of risk profile

                            An investment profile depends on the personality of the investor, the aims and length of investing. In trading and investing, there are three types of risk profile: conservative, moderate, and aggressive.

                            Conservative risk profile

                            This approach suggests that the investor is not ready for big risks and agrees on a minimal profit from ivesting. Their goal is to make a profit that will compensate for inflation and this save their capital.

                            As a rule, a conservative investor has a calm, balanced character and analytical mind. They take any losses very seriously and avoid unnecessary risks. Their approach to choosing instruments is scrupulous and takes time.

                            Moderate risk profile

                            By this approach, the investor assumes certain risks to increase profitability. Current minor losses are considered normal and can be withstood for the sake of better perspectives.

                            Low profitability does not satisfy the investor, so they look for the ways to improve it, disregarding higher than conservative risks.

                            Aggressive risk profile

                            Aggressive approach is good for risky people. They are ready to suffer serious controlled losses to get super profits fast.

                            In other life spheres, such people are also prone to risks and making fast decisions. Such investors have well-trained and developed intuition. Losing a part of their capital is a normal part of work for them and does not influence their future investment projects. The main goal of risky investors is highly risky assets that yield impressive revenue.

                            How to determine investor risk profile

                            The main goal of determining a risk profile is checking whether a future investor is prone to risks. If they are ready for all sorts of risks having no experience, this might be a real problem. Fast loss of the capital might undermine their future investment process.

                            There exist special tests for determining investor risk profiles. One should answer the questions based on their emotions and experience. It is vital to be honest because this is the only way to select your best investment strategy.

                            Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

                            RoboForex team


                            • How to Trade by One-Two Strategy

                              Author: Victor Gryazin

                              This article describes a plain short-term trading strategy based on the signals of the popular Bollinger Bands trend indicator. The article deals with the peculiarities of the strategy, its use in trading, and examples of buying and selling.

                              What one needs to know about One-Two

                              One-Two is a type of reversal trading systems based on Bollinger Bands signals. The strategy is easy to master and uses just one tech indicator with altered parameters. Note that it is a default indicator in almost all trading terminals, including MT4 and MT5.

                              The trading approach is based on using bounces of the quotes off the outer borders of the Bollinger Bands channel that act as dynamic support and resistance levels. After a bounce, the price is expected to return to the middle line of the channel.

                              Which instruments, time frames, and indicators can be used

                              For trading by the strategy, you can use currency pairs, oil, gold, and other commodities. Recommended TFs are M15, M30, H1, H4, and D1.


                              Bollinger Bands (Period 20, Shift 0, Deviation 2) — green lines on the chart.
                              Bollinger Bands (Period 20, Shift 0, Deviation 3) — orange lines on the chart.


                              How to buy by One-Two

                              Conditions of opening a buying position are as follows:
                              1. Wait for the price to get between the lower green and orange indicator lines. Mark this candlestick as 0
                              2. Wait for two more candlesticks to form. If they show a reversal upwards with close prices no lower than those of candlestick 0 — open a buying trade after candlestick 2 closes. Candlesticks 1 and 2 have white bodies, or the first one is a Doji and the second one has a white body.
                              3. Place a Stop Loss 5 points below the lows of candlesticks 1 and 2.
                              4. Take the Profit as soon as the quotes reach the middle line (red colour) of Bollinger Bands. Or, if the movement is strong, you can take the SL to the breakeven when the price reaches the middle line and wait for the quotes to grow to the upper green line of the indicator channel.
                              Closing thoughts

                              The One-Two trading strategy is based on the signals of a popular trend indicator Bollinger Bands with different parameters. The strategy is based on reversals of the quotes from the borders of the price channel that are used as dynamic support/resistance levels.

                              This strategy is rather universal and can be used for various instruments and on various TFs. Before trading for real, practising on a demo account is strongly recommended.

                              Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

                              RoboForex team


                              • What Is Blockchain

                                Author: Victor Gryazin

                                Today’s article is devoted to the blockchain technology: its history, work nuances, main types, and spheres of application – all main answers are given.

                                What is the idea of blockchain

                                Blockchain is a digital database accessed by most users online. It is an unchangeable distributed digital information register, containing data about transactions among other things.

                                This technology writes down the data in special blocks, inextricably bound to each other. Each block of the chain has certain containers for data storage that close as soon as they are full and get bound to a block received previously, creating the chain.

                                Each block of the chain gets an exact time mark as soon as it is added to the chain. As long as each block contains information about the previous one, the chain contains information about each operations ever carried out in the database.

                                Already-existing blocks cannot be removed or edited – only new ones can be added. This peculiarity makes hacking and editing the content of the register impossible.


                                How blockchain works
                                • Transaction is a data exchange between two people. All transactions within the network (money depositing and withdrawal) have a unique 256-bit number called “hash”. It normally looks like a random set of letters and digits. A sequence of hashes linked to each other create a safe interconnected chain.
                                • Confirmation is a process of checking compliance of a transaction with the protocol. Transactions are checked in nods. Upon successful validation, the transaction gets written down into a block.
                                • Examination is data control in a block. Before the block gets linked to the chain, the algorithm examines it for any past editing. The rules by which examination is carried out are called consensus.
                                • Mining is a process of “solving the equation” (creating a new block) by variable selection. This algorithm is called Proof of Work.
                                • Protection is eliminating from the chain a block that has been edited. Changes in one block lead to changes in all subsequent blocks. The system detects them fast and reacts accordingly.


                                Where is blockchain used

                                The system is actively developing, taking root in various spheres of economy:
                                • cryptocurrencies,
                                • NFT,
                                • banking sector and finance,
                                • stock exchanges,
                                • gaming industry,
                                • cyber safety,
                                • voting systems in election.
                                Bottom line

                                Blockchain is a data processing technology of processing, storing, and sending data. Every day it enjoys more and more demand. The system was created long ago but started developing after cryptocurrencies appeared and became popular. Today blockchain has become mainstream, integrated in various spheres of the society and sectors of global economy.

                                Read more at R Blog - RoboForex

                                RoboForex team